The birth control pill is one of the most common types of contraception used by women today. This hormone-based pregnancy prevention method is also prescribed to alleviate heavy or painful periods and regulate menstruation. The pill works by preventing ovulation.
Is the Birth Control Pill Safe?
The birth control pill is safe when taken with a doctor’s supervision. It has been used by millions of people over more than 50 years. Some women should not use the pill. Those who are over 35 and smoke should not use any birth control that contains estrogen. The pill should be avoided if you have any of the following medical conditions:
- Severe diabetes
- Liver disease
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure
- Migraines with aura (seeing lines or flashes)
- Blood clots or vein inflammation
- Breast cancer
- Serious heart problems
Common Birth Control Pill Side Effects
The side effects of birth control pills are usually mild. Some women notice intermenstrual spotting during the first three months of starting the pill. This occurs as the uterus adjusts to a thinner endometrial lining or as the body adjusts to a change in hormone levels. Other common side effects include:
- Tender breasts
- Migraine or headaches
- Mood changes
- Weight gain
- Missed periods
- Decreased libido
- Eye or vision changes
Women who would like to learn more about the birth control pill should make an appointment with their Women’s Health and Menopause Center OBGYN. Your doctor can determine if this is the best contraception method for you.
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