According to the National Cancer Institute, endometrial cancer is both the most common type of uterine cancer, and the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. It accounts for nearly six percent of all cancers in women in the United States. This year alone, more than 43,000 new cases of this form of cancer were reported in the U.S.
Endometrial cancer forms in the tissue lining of the uterus, and most tumors are adenocarcinomas, which means they develop in the cells that make and release mucus and other fluids.
Most researchers believe early onset menstruation (before the age of 12), or a late onset of menopause, both increase the risk of endometrial cancer. In addition, this form of cancer is more common among women who have never been pregnant.
Research recently presented at the American Roentgen Ray Society’s annual meeting showed that an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is able to detect endometrial cancer. An MRI uses magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the human body, and can show evidence of uterine cancer when a biopsy does not in 79 percent of cases.
Most women who develop tumors in their uterus do so around menopause, but obesity and hormone replacement therapy can also create risk factors for the cancer.
“This early detection allows proper diagnosis and treatment, increasing a woman’s chances of a successful recovery. If you have not had your annual exam, today is the right time to schedule an appointment.”
To make an appointment with a Women’s Health & Menopause Center physician, please call (248) 932-9223.